Dimension C-137 first appeared in the "Pilot" episode and appeared in every episode since then until "Rick Potion #9", where in it made its last appearance until season 3. In Rick Potion No. 9, Rick made a love potion using vole DNA for Morty to use on Jessica. However, the side affects of the potion led to a disaster. The chemicals in the potion piggybacked on the flu virus, causing everyone in Morty's school to fall in love with him.
To counteract this, Rick mixes praying mantis DNA with a more contagious strain of the flu virus. Unfortunately, this backfires, turning not only those affected by the original potion into praying mantis monsters set on mating with Morty, but the entire world (presumably due to the aggressive nature of the flu strain Rick used) into praying mantis creatures that want to mate with Morty, then kill him afterwards. Rick used an antidote on them, but this again backfired, turning all of humanity into deformed, disgusting monsters known as Cronenbergs (except for Jerry, Beth and Summer). Unable to solve this increasingly difficult problem, Rick sought out a different reality where he managed to restore humanity to normal. There, that dimension's version of Rick and Morty died, so Dimension C-137's Rick and Morty took their places without anyone noticing.
Meanwhile, alternate versions of them from yet another dimension where everyone is born a Cronenberg, named Cronenberg Rick and Cronenberg Morty, did exactly the same thing in their dimension and turned everyone into normal humans. They left their own dimension and entered Dimension C-137, where every normal human was now a perfect Cronenberg matching their home dimension.
As of now, Dimension C-137 is completely overrun by the Cronenberg race and the only three known humans are Jerry, Beth and Summer who are living out the rest of their lives in a post-apocalyptic world, and they survive by hunting and eating the Cronenbergs. Jerry and Beth are now happy with each other in their relationship. They take turns with Summer acting out movies from memory to make up for their lack of entertainment. At the end of Rick Potion #9, Summer can be seen acting out a scene from Jaws. Beth also mentions that she has finally achieved true happiness now that her father Rick and her son Morty are no longer with her.
The Cronenberg race and the rest of the Smith family are apparently far apart enough, that they never interact with each other, for unknown reasons, so both races don't need to worry about each other and the Cronenberg versions of Rick and Morty never have to interact with the real Smith family.
Dimension C-137 would be mentioned again in the episode "Rixty Minutes", when Morty showed Summer the graves in the backyard where Rick and Morty were buried, telling her the whole story of Rick Potion #9. It was also mentioned again in "Close Rick-Counters of the Rick Kind", by the Council of Ricks and it was also briefly seen in a screen, showing Rick's memories. One of them was him putting the helmet on Snuffles from the episode "Lawnmower Dog", Rick holding Morty when he was a infant, and another one was of Rick giving the love potion to Morty from "Rick Potion #9". There were also scenes of Rick and Morty flying in the space cruiser, and one of Rick, lying down on the floor, and Morty passing him his canister, but it is unknown if those took place in the old or new dimension. In the episode "Total Rickall", there was a flashback montage to all the funny catch phrases that Rick has used. One of which was one he was using, while playing cards with Snuffles. This had to have been Dimension C-137, because Snuffles left the family in the episode "Lawnmower Dog", before events of the dimension transition in the episode "Rick Potion #9". There were many other flashbacks of moments in time that actually happened, but none of them proved that they were in Dimension C-137.
Dimension C-137 is briefly mentioned in the episode "Mortynight Run", when Rick is asked to identify his home dimension for identification purposes when returning to pick up his Jerry. Because Jerry is not from Rick and Morty's home dimension of C-137, Rick marks him as "N/A". This might mean that Rick is uncertain of their current dimension's official alphanumeric identification.
Dimension C-137 returns in the episode The Rickshank Rickdemption, Morty brings the Summer from the new Dimension he and Rick came from in order to show her that Rick didn't care about anyone and that he always left carnage in his wake. It is here, Summer met the version of herself and her family from this Dimension, who are now more tribalistic and savage than when they were previously seen.
- "Lawnmower Dog"
- "Anatomy Park"
- "M. Night Shaym-Aliens!" (Cameo)
- "Meeseeks and Destroy"
- "Rick Potion #9"
- "Rixty Minutes" (Mentioned)
- "Close Rick-Counters of the Rick Kind" (Cameo, Morty also mentions "my name is Morty Smith from Earth dimension C-137")